Changing Goals of Negroes in America
The negro revolution in the United States has acquired a new mood and direction under a new generation of leaders. The old goal of integration—assimilation of Negroes into white American society—is now widely rejected, at least for the time being, as a form of “painless genocide.” The new goals include racial pride, cultural separateness, and economic and political self-sufficiency. The word “Negro” itself is falling into disfavor; “black” or “Afro-American” are often preferred, especially among younger people.
Until around three years ago, the Negro civil rights movement was basically a middle-class movement. The South was the principal battleground. Federal legislation barring racial discrimination in such fields as voting, public accommodations, education, and housing was the major objective. Active participation of ...