Conflict in Congo

Can the Violence be Stopped?

  • By:Josh Kron
  • Content Type: Report
  • Publisher: CQ Press
    • Publication year: 2011
    • Online pub date:
  • DOI:


Central Africa's vast Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) has long suffered, first at the hands of colonial oppressors and then from dictators and ethnic rebels. In the late 19th century, King Leopold II of Belgium plundered Congo's riches and brutalized its people. Now, 50 years after independence, the DRC is one of the world's most unstable, dysfunctional nations, barely held together by a controversial United Nations peacekeeping mission and a tentative peace agreement with neighboring Rwanda. It also has vast natural wealth, with large swaths of hardwood forests and rich deposits of gold, copper, cobalt and several minerals crucial to manufacturing electronic and high-tech products. Warlords, rebels, neighboring governments and private companies are exploiting eastern Congo's minerals — and using much of the money ...

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