The farm surplus-relief bills now pending before Congress attempt to deal with one phase of the larger farm problem, which in its various aspects, has commanded almost continuous public attention since 1920.
Before taking up the pending legislation, the following report will attempt to set out some of the basic factors underlying the general farm problem, as distinguished from the surplus problem, and to indicate the attitude held toward the general problem by leaders of the organized farmers. An understanding of this attitude, and the reasons for it, is essential to a full understanding of the situation which now confronts the House, the Senate and the administration.
The farm problem, as it is viewed by farm leaders, is “simply a question of national policy”. Due to ...