Energy and U.S.-Canadian Relations
Debate Over Energy Exports to United States
Canada currently exports about half of its oil and more than a third of its natural gas production to the United States. At the same time, more than 20 million tons of Ohio coal are used annually to fire steel mills and power plants in Ontario, Canada's industrial heartland. Billions of kilowatt hours of electricity are freely traded across the international border each year. But today the future of this kind of exchange has been thrown into doubt, as both countries have announced their intention to become self-sufficient in energy by 1980.
Real or contrived, current energy shortages appear to have ended any early consideration of a Continental Energy-Sharing Agreement between Canada and the United States. ...