The Supreme Court dealt LGBT advocacy groups two setbacks in June, with a decision favoring a Colorado baker who refused to bake a wedding cake for a gay couple and the announcement that Justice Anthony M. Kennedy, the key vote in four landmark decisions recognizing gay rights, would retire on July 31. Federal appeals court judge Brett Kavanaugh, President Trump’s nominee to succeed Kennedy, seemed likely to oppose expanding LGBT rights if confirmed. Meanwhile, federal courts blocked Trump’s plan to limit transgender individuals in the military. Two other federal courts interpreted the federal job bias law as prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation; the issue was awaiting possible Supreme Court review. Internationally, the number of countries with marriage equality for same-sex couples grew to 25.

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