Expansion of Federal Educational Program
Drastic curtailment of educational activities in many of the states in the past year as a result of financial stringency has led to an expansion of the federal government's educational program. Under this program, which has thus far been limited to emergency measures, new school buildings have been constructed, old ones repaired, unemployed teachers hired, and needy students kept in college. Loans by the Reconstruction Finance Corporation to school districts to pay back salaries to teachers were authorized by the Loans to Industries Act, signed by the President, June 19, 1934.
Hearings held before the House Committee on Education in February “established beyond all doubt,” the committee reported,1 that “an emergency situation does exist in education and that federal aid is ...