Pressures Against U.S. foreign Bases
Downing deep within Soviet territory, May 1, of the U-2 reconnaissance plane piloted by Francis Gary Powers gave the Kremlin a handy excuse for breaking up the scheduled summit conference at Paris. It provided ammunition also for a new Russian propaganda offensive against American military bases in foreign countries. The U-2 had taken off from a U.S. Air Force base near Adana, Turkey; touched down at an airfield near Peshawar, Pakistan, before crossing into Soviet airspace; and, when its flight was interrupted, was heading across Russia to an airfield at Bodo, Norway. Turkey, Pakistan and Norway are allies of the United States.1
The U-2 incident produced an abrupt change, not in Soviet foreign policy, but in methods used to promote that ...