Geophysical Year

Archive Report

Preparations for 1957-58 Geophysical Year

Preparations for the International Geophysical Year, 1957–1958, are well advanced in the United States and other countries participating in the worldwide scientific survey that has been called man's most ambitious study of his physical environment. More than 5,000 scientists and engineers in some 55 nations are mobilizing equipment and supporting personnel for intensive investigations to be conducted simultaneously in all parts of the world.

The first fully equipped scientific expeditions set out for the Antarctic this month. By early January, 11 countries will have a chain of polar outposts in operation. The purpose will be to explore the world's least known continent and to carry out coordinated observations of atmospheric conditions in the south polar regions. The United States and the ...

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