Inspection as an Enforcement Instrument
Advocacy of Inspection by the United States
It is now recognized by all the United Nations that international agreements to control atomic energy and to regulate the reduction of armaments in general must, to win the full faith and credit of nations and peoples, be accompanied by provisions for international inspection. The Soviet Union, disposed at first to regard inspection as an inadmissible encroachment on national sovereignty, has finally conceded its necessity. Although Russia's concession was hedged by insistence that inspection systems must operate “within the framework of the Security Council,” and therefore within range of the right of veto held by the great powers, her acceptance of the principle gave hope that agreement could eventually be reached on effective control ...