Manpower Controls

Archive Report

Manpower in Total Mobilization for War

Pressure of Military and Industrial Demands

Manpower—the men and women equipped physically and by training to fill national military and economic needs—threatens to be the limiting basic resource if the United States is forced in the immediate future to mobilize for all-out war. In World Wars I and II, manpower requirements of the armed forces were met by selective service, and adequate manpower for industry was brought forth by wage incentives and appeals to patriotism, backed by limited labor controls. Fundamental changes in the country's population and in material requirements for fighting a modern war may make national service or similar forms of directed labor inevitable in a new total war emergency.

The legislation for economic mobilization now awaiting final action ...

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