Military Manpower Policies

Archive Report

Mobilization of Reserves in Peacetime

A new look is being taken by the Kennedy administration and by Congress at the structure, size, readiness and usefulness of the reserve military forces of the United States. Reappraisal comes in the wake of controversy engendered by the mobilization last October of 156,-000 National Guardsmen and members of the Organized Reserve.

Defense Department officials already have made known their decision to rely on regular forces in future cold war emergencies, rather than on rapid expansion of military manpower through a call-up of reservists. President Kennedy asked Congress in his budget message, Jan. 18, to provide funds for an increase in the number of regular Army divisions from 14 to 16. He said the new divisions would take the place of ...

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