President Trump's victory in the 2016 election shocked many institutions, but none may have been more shaken than the polling industry. While polls correctly forecast that Hillary Clinton would prevail in the national popular vote, they failed to predict Trump's wins in several crucial states that tipped the Electoral College in his favor. These failures underscore the structural challenges facing pollsters as they head into the 2020 election. Researchers find it increasingly difficult to reach respondents through telephone surveys and have turned to less tested methods, such as text messages and conducting polls online. While doubts about polls' accuracy and concern that they influence election outcomes have increased, the use and influence of polls has only grown. Media coverage is fueled by an assortment of ...

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