Political Turmoil in Southern Africa

Archive Report

Threats of Violence South of the Congo

Long a cauldron of racial animosities and political and economic inequities, white-ruled southern Africa is bubbling dangerously in 1963, bringing new concern to world capitals. Termination of white rule in its last strongholds on the continent dominates the thoughts of participants in the African summit conference now in progress at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, and is a continuing theme in halls of the United Nations.

Recent months have seen a new drift toward violence. “Violence must come and the peoples of the world will be drawn into the struggle,” says a black Southern Rhodesian. “We know we are embarking on a dangerous course,” says a South African. “We have no lever but violence,” says a Mozambique African. “Violence has always ...

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