Internet-based services enjoy broad legal protections over the third-party content they distribute, a safeguard offered by Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act. Signed into law in 1996 when social media was in its infancy, Section 230 grants immunity to social media companies from virtually any form of civil litigation, including defamation, for third-party content on their platforms. The law also allows the companies to restrict content that violates their terms of service if they act in “good faith.” But as social media platforms' influence grows, critics across the political spectrum argue that Section 230 needs to be amended. Victims of online harassment say tech companies should be held accountable for violent or deceptive content they allow on their platforms. Some Republican lawmakers accuse social ...

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