The Spread of Dictatorship

Archive Report

Recent Broadening of the Fascist Front

Establishment of a semi-Fascist dictatorship in Brazil on November 10, 1937, and introduction of a regime of pronounced Fascist characteristics in Rumania at the end of the year emphasized anew the continuing spread of authoritarian government and the corresponding decline of democratic institutions. The proclamation by President Vargas of Brazil of a constitution with corporative features, providing for a dictatorship unlike those in other South American countries, followed by only four days the conclusion at Rome of the German-Italian-Japanese anti-Communist pact. Fascism thus gained its first apparently substantial foothold in the western hemisphere at the very time when the leading European Fascist and Nazi powers were making a significant gesture of solidarity with the self-appointed arbiter of the destinies ...

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